New paper in Proceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences


Personality traits differentially affect components of reproductive success in a Neotropical poison frog.

Peignier M, Araya-Ajoy YG, Ringler M & Ringler E, 2023.
Proc. R. Soc. B.2902023155120231551, . Link. Published online 20 September 2023


Individual reproductive success has several components, including the acquisition of mating partners, offspring production, and offspring survival until adulthood. While the effects of certain personality traits—such as boldness or aggressiveness—on single components of reproductive success are well studied, we know little about the composite and multifaceted effects behavioural traits can have on all the aspects of reproductive success. Behavioural traits positively linked to one component of reproductive success might not be beneficial for other components, and these effects may differ between sexes. We investigated the influence of boldness, aggressiveness, and exploration on the number of mating partners, mating events, and offspring surviving until adulthood in males and females of the Neotropical poison frog Allobates femoralis. Behavioural traits had different—even opposite—effects on distinct components of reproductive success in both males and females. For example, males who displayed high levels of aggressiveness and exploration (or low levels of aggressiveness and exploration) managed to attract high number of mating partners, while males with low levels of boldness, low levels of aggressiveness, and high levels of exploration had the most offspring surviving until adulthood. Our results therefore suggest correlational selection favouring particular combinations of behavioural traits.

Figure 1. Influence of personality traits on components of reproductive success.

Figure 1. Influence of personality traits on components of reproductive success.