New paper in journal of IMAB


Specific microbiology spectrum of white sand mussels from key sample spots from Bulgarian Black Sea aquatory.

Pavlova BK, Ibryamova SF, Bachvarova D, Doichev DD, Stanachkova ET, Salim S, Natchev N & Ignatova-Ivanova TV (2021) J of IMAB. 2021 Oct-Dec;27(4):4077-4083. Link. Published online 10 November 2021


The "white sand mussels" are edible bivalves inhabiting the littoral shores usually buried in the sand. Тhey are invasive species for the Bulgarian waters of the Black Sea. The samples for this study were collected from different points on the northern and southern Black Sea Bulgarian coast in the period January 2020 to December 2020. The study of different types of microorganisms was performed by using the microbial identification system model: MicroLog M® BIO45101 BiologInc and the software product GEN III. The physic-chemical parameters of the waters – temperature, pH, salinity and dissolved O2 were also determined. In the different species, we had detected specific microbiological complexes. The species Pseudomonas viridilivida and Citrobacter farmer were isolated only from Donax trunculus. The species Escherichia hermannii was found only in Mya arenaria, and Acinetobacter johnsonii was detected only in Chamelea gallina. The isolated species Acinetobacter gyllenbergii and Acinetobacter johnsonii are related to humans and are indicators for pollution of the water with channel waste waters. Our results demonstrated an increase of the quantity of the coliforms the region of Sveti Vlas from August, where they were 50 the norms. In the region of Arkutino in July and Ahtopol in August, the quantity of the fecal coliforms is 190 and 30 times the norms prescribed in the Ordinanceo. 4 from 20.10.2000 for the quality of fisheries water and the breeding of shellfish (the amount of fecal coliforms in the inter-shell content should be less than 300 NVB). We noticed also seriousollution of the Varna lake even months after an accident with a leaky pipe.