Research at our department spans across a wide range of animals including vertebrates, arthropods, and lophotrochozoans. These are analyzed using various morphological and molecular methods, including immunolabeling, advanced light and confocal microscopy, 3D reconstruction, high speed video analysis, electron microscopy, and gene expression studies. The data generated are used in integrative and comparative approaches to elucidate body plan evolution, development, functional morphology, ecomorphology and phylogeny of non-model organisms.
Luitfried Salvini-Plawen passed away on 22. October, aged 75.
He was professor at the University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Sciences and former Head of the Institute of Zoology. After his retirement in 2004 he stayed active in publishing and teaching. The scientific community has lost an outstanding invertebrate zoologist, his unexpected death leaves a painful gap.
Luitfried Salvini-Plawen was one of the most prominent and influential personalities in malacology during the past decades. His main interest was the early evolution of molluscs and the phylogenetic relationships of the major groups. He was one of the few experts in aplacophoran morphology and systematics and has described about half the number of known species of Solenogastres. His profound expertise resulted in intense international cooperations with, e.g., Spanish, Norwegian, and Japanese colleagues and institutions. Since the 1980s, Luitfried Salvini-Plawen and his students played a major role in revolutionising and modernising gastropod systematics and the understanding of their evolutionary history. The key to success was the integrating results from various fields such as electron microscopy and developmental biology in a broad comparative approach using phylogenetic methods.
Luitfried Salvini-Plawen´s biological field of action, however, extended beyond molluscs. He considered Rupert Riedl and Erich Reisinger most influential during his early career – both directed him to and familiarised him with the marine interstitial fauna. Not surprisingly, he worked on the interstitial Solenogastres, acochlidian and philinoglossid opisthobranchs, but also on the systematics and development of cnidarians, kamptozoans and holothurians. His broad overviews on the convergent evolution of eyes and coelomic cavities in animals received much attention and have sparked renewed research efforts in the respective fields. The former was achieved together with Ernst Mayr who had invited him as guest professor to Havard University in 1975. His research is published in about 150 papers.
In his spare time, Luitfried graduated in History, with special focus on medieval history of northern Italy and Southern Tyrol, a region he felt deeply rooted in. His knowledge in cultural history and languages was impressive and, being an educated singer, his love for music was profound.
The scientific community has lost an outstanding zoologist, his unexpected death leaves a painful gap. He will, however, remain an inspirational example of intellectual acuteness and scientific conduct.
Departmental Seminar Integrative Zoology
Misof B, Liu S, Meusemann K, Peters RS, Donath A, Mayer C, Frandsen PB, Ware J, Flouri T, Beutel RG, Niehuis O, Petersen M, Izquierdo-Carrasco F, Wappler T, Rust J, Aberer AJ, Aspöck U, Aspöck H, Bartel D, Blanke A, Berger S, Böhm A, Buckley TR, Calcott B, Chen J, Friedrich F, Fukui M, Fujita M, Greve C, Grobe P, Gu S, Huang Y, Jermiin LS, Kawahara AY, Krogmann L, Kubiak M, Lanfear R, Letsch H, Li Y, Li Z, Li J, Lu H, Machida R, Mashimo Y, Kapli P, McKenna DD, Meng G, Nakagaki Y, Navarrete-Heredia JL, Ott M, Ou Y, Pass P, Podsiadlowski L, Pohl H, von Reumont BM, Schütte K, Sekiya K, Shimizu S, Slipinski A, Stamatakis A, Song W, Su X, Szucsich NU, Tan M, Tan X, Tang M, Tang J, Timelthaler G, Tomizuka S, Trautwein M, Tong X, Uchifune T, Walzl MG, Wiegmann BM, Wilbrandt J, Wipfler B, Wong TKF, Wu Q, Wu G, Xie Y, Yang S, Yang Q, Yeates DK, Yoshizawa K, Zhang Q, Zhang R, Zhang W, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zhou C, Zhou L, Ziesmann T, Zou S, Li Y, Xu X, Zhang Y, Yang H, Wang J, Wang J, Kjer KM,
Phylogenomics resolves the timing and pattern of insect evolution
Science 7 November 2014: Vol. 346 no. 6210 pp. 763-767
Ringler M, Mangione R, Pašukonis A, Rainer G, Gyimesi K, Felling-Wagner J, Kronaus H, Réjou-Méchain M, Chave J, Reiter K, Ringler E. (2014)
High-resolution forest mapping for behavioural studies in the Nature Reserve ‘Les Nouragues’, French Guiana.
Journal of Maps. doi:10.1080/17445647.2014.972995
Sumasgutner P, Vasko V, Varjonen R, Korpimäki E (2014)
Public information revealed by pellets in nest sites is more important than ecto-parasite avoidance in the settlement decisions of Eurasian kestrels.
Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol: doi: 10.1007/s00265-014-1808-6
Blanke, A., Machida, R., Szucsich, N. U., Wilde, F. and Misof, B.
Mandibles with two joints evolved much earlier in the history of insects: dicondyly is a synapomorphy of bristletails, silverfish and winged insects.
Systematic Entomology. doi: 10.1111/syen.12107
Schwaha TF, Handschuh S, Redl F & Wanninger A
Insights into the organization of plumatellid larvae (lophotrochozoa, bryozoa) by means of 3D-imaging and confocal microscopy
Article first published online: 2 OCT 2014, DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20326
Karolyi F, Colville JF, Handschuh S, Metscher BD & Krenn HW
One proboscis, two tasks: Adaptations to blood-feeding and
nectar-extracting in long-proboscid horse flies (Tabanidae, Philoliche)
Arthropod Structure & Development 43 (2014) 403-413
Fröschl M, Handschuh S, Erlach R, Schwaha T, Goldammer H, Fragner R & Walzl MG
Computer-generated images of microscopic soil organisms for documentary films
Soil Organisms 86 (2), pp. 95–102, August 2014
Hustert R, Frisch M, Böhm A & Pass G
A new kind of auxiliary heart in insects: functional morphology and neuronal control of the accessory pulsatile organs of the cricket ovipositor
Frontiers in Zoology 2014, 11: 43
Available online June 2014,(open access)
Iris Starnberger, Doris Preininger, Walter Hödl
Review: From uni- to multimodality: towards an integrative view on anuran communication
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Volume 200, Issue 9 (2014), Page 777-787
Available online June 2014,(open access)
Petra Sumasgutner, Erwin Nemeth, Graham Tebb, Harald W. Krenn, Anita Gamauf
Hard times in the city - attractive nest sites but insufficient food supply lead to low reproduction rates in a bird of prey.
Frontiers in Zoology 11:48.
Available online 27 May 2014 (open access)
Petra Sumasgutner, Christian H. Schulze, Harald W. Krenn, Anita Gamauf
Conservation related conflicts in nest-site selection of the Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) and the distribution of its avian prey
Landscape and Urban Planning 127:94–103
Available online 4 May 2014 (open access)
Ringler E, Mangold A, Trenkwalder K, Ringler M, Hödl W (2014)
Characterisation of nine new polymorphic microsatellite loci in the reticulated glass frog Hyalinobatrachium valerioi (Centrolenidae).
Amphibia-Reptilia, in press.
Pašukonis A, Loretto M-C , Landler L, Ringler M & Hödl W
Homing trajectories and initial orientation in a Neotropical territorial frog, Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae)
Frontiers in Zoology 2014, 11:29, doi:10.1186/1742-9994-11-29
Monika Carol Resch, Julia Shrubovych, Daniela Bartel, Nikolaus U. Szucsich, Gerald Timelthaler, Yun Bu, Manfred Walzl, Günther Pass
Where Taxonomy Based on Subtle Morphological Differences Is Perfectly Mirrored by Huge Genetic Distances: DNA Barcoding in Protura (Hexapoda).
PLOS ONE, Published: March 07, 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090653
Klaus Peter Zulka, Max Abensperg-Traun, Norbert Milasowszky, Georg Bieringer, Barbara-Amina Gereben-Krenn, Werner Holzinger, Gerald Hölzler, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Alexander Reischütz, Pascal Querner, Norbert Sauberer, Ingrid Schmitzberger, Wolfgang Willner, Thomas Wrbka, Harald Zechmeister
Species richness in dry grassland patches of eastern Austria: A multi-taxon study on the role of local, landscape and habitat quality variables.
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Volume 182, 25-36 (1 January 2014)
Emiliano Dell’Ampio, Karen Meusemann, Nikolaus U. Szucsich, Ralph S. Peters, Benjamin Meyer, Janus Borner, Malte Petersen, Andre J. Aberer, Alexandros Stamatakis, Manfred G. Walzl, Bui Quang Minh, Arndt von Haeseler, Ingo Ebersberger, Günther Pass and Bernhard Misof
Decisive Data Sets in Phylogenomics: Lessons from Studies on the Phylogenetic Relationships of Primarily Wingless Insects
Mol. Biol. Evol. 31(1):239–249, doi:10.1093/molbev/mst196
Egon Heiss, Peter Aerts and Sam Van Wassenbergh
Masters of change: seasonal plasticity in the prey-capture behavior of the Alpine newt Ichthyosaura alpestris (Salamandridae).
Journal of Experimental Biology 216:4426-4434. doi: 10.1242/jeb.091991
Andreas Altenburger, Andreas Wanninger and Lars E. Holmer
Metamorphosis in Craniiformea revisited: Novocrania anomala shows delayed development of the ventral valve.
Zoomorphology, December 2013, Volume 132, Issue 4, pp 379-387
Florian Karolyi, Linde Morawetz, Jonathan F. Colville, Stephan Handschuh, Brian D. Metscher and Harald W. Krenn
Time management and nectar flow: flower handling and suction feeding in long-proboscid flies (Nemestrinidae:Prosoeca).
Naturwissenschaften first published online November 21, 2013, doi: 10.1007/s00114-013-1114-6
Eva Ringler, Andrius Pašukonis, Walter Hödl and Max Ringler
Tadpole transport logistics in a Neotropical poison frog: indications for strategic planning and adaptive plasticity in anuran parental care.
Frontiers in Zoology first published online November 9, 2013, 10:67
Maik Scherholz, Emanuel Redl, Tim Wollesen, Christiane Todt
and Andreas Wanninger
Aplacophoran Mollusks Evolved from Ancestors with Polyplacophoran-like Features.
Current Biology 23, 1–5, November 4, 2013.
Elena Perea-Atienza, Maria Botta, Willi Salvenmoser, Robert Gschwentner, Bernhard Egger, Alen Kristof, Pedro Martinez and Johannes Georg Achatz
Posterior regeneration in Isodiametra pulchra (Acoela, Acoelomorpha).
Frontiers in Zoology first published online October 28, 2013, 10:64
doi: 10.1186/1742-9994-10-64 (41 Pages)
Iris Starnberger, Dennis Poth, Pardah Saradhi Peram, Stefan Schulz, Miguel Vences, Jette Knudsen, Michael F. Barej, Mark-Oliver Roedel, Manfred Walzl and Walter Hödl
Take time to smell the frogs - Vocal sac glands of reed frogs (Anura: Hyperoliidae) contain species-specific chemical cocktails.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society first published online October 24, 2013. doi: 10.1111/bij.12167 (PDF)
University of Vienna
A-1090 Vienna, Austria